Eczema is a condition arising from insufficient oil and fat levels within the skin. Eczema can appear anywhere on the entire body, but it's most often seen on the elbows, behind the knees, the wrists, and the fingers. In infants, the most common location for eczema is the face. In most cases, eczema tends to develop in the skin folds. Eczema causes flaky, red, and bumpy looking patches of skin. In the more severe cases, eczema can even cause bleeding, crusting, and oozing.
Eczema is most often seen in children, but patients of any age can suffer from this condition.
Patients who already have eczema in the family, particularly if it's a close relative like a parent or sibling, are more likely to develop the condition themselves.
Some research seems to suggest that patients who live in cold climates are more prone to eczema, as well. In most cases, it appears that eczema is closely related to environmental factors.
Environmental factors that can contribute to eczema flares can include all of the following:
Chemicals and other ingredients in products like soaps, makeup, perfume, detergent, and household cleaning products can also contribute to eczema flares.
The treatment for eczema is customized based on the patient's triggers and their individual symptoms.
Emollient moisturizers, which usually come in cream or ointment form, are often very helpful. These should be used immediately after a bath, shower, or swim to help lock moisture into the skin.
When patients have difficult eczema flares regularly, topical or oral steroids can be quite effective.
There may also be cases — particularly with very young patients — where dietary changes can be helpful in controlling eczema flares.
At Bronx Park Urgent Medical Care, every patient will receive a customized care plan for their eczema, which will allow them to live their life as flare-free as possible.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!